Marijuana is certainly one of the most commonly used drugs in the world. It is of green brownish or gray mixture of fine dry leaves, stems, flowers, and seeds of Indian hemp (Cannabis sativa).
Marijuana is harmful and hazardous to health. It is very difficult to precisely examine the effects of marijuana, due to the fact that there is no system in our body that it does not affect. The drug is usually combined with different categories of opiates, such as alcohol, tranquilizers or hallucinogens.
The treatment of marijuana dependence is necessary despite the fact that marijuana does not cause physical dependence and the consumer doesn’t feel a strong physical crisis when he/her stops using it.
The main goals of treatment of marijuana addicts are:
- Correcting mental consequences of marijuana use (paranoia, delusions, a motivation syndrome, depression, disorders of thinking, memory and attention)
- Elimination of the need and the desire for narcotics
- Formation of new stereotypes of behavior (abandoning old habits, contacts with friends who use drugs, abstinence from alcohol and other psychoactive substances; compliance of daily schedules, sports, and other activities, work, the regime of wakefulness and sleep mode)
Methods of marijuana addiction treatment
- Pharmacotherapy – Sometimes just using properly selected combination of medications manages to get back to the patient control over their thoughts, emotions. The therapy helps to disappear fear, a sense of “openness” of thought, hesitation, doubt, ambivalence (when a person says one thing and doing another) double personality, unrealistic ideas depersonalization. Only after the patient is able to adequately accept, analyze and react to events, you can move on to the next stage of treatment. Parents often expect their persuasion or threats can help their child to stop taking the substance. But if their child has a disorder of perception, thinking and memory, these talks will have no effect because they are addicted.
- Therapy for stabilization and endorphin neurotransmitter system – This is a very promising method actively used in Switzerland, Great Britain, Russia. The purpose of this therapy is to stimulate those structures in the brain that provide the natural secretion of hormones of pleasure. For regular use of narcotics, this process is disrupted due to the intake of synthetic substances. Endorphins are not secreted when you stop taking marijuana so an addict feels sadness, depression, apathy, lethargy. N.E.T. therapy effectively rebalances the neurotransmitter, which allows the patient to return to normal mood, it eliminates nervousness and a desire for narcotics.
- Information therapy, indirect influence, hypnosis – by using computer programs, films and apparatus for audio-visual stimulation it is carried out the impact of those pleasant associations that had a patient while under the influence of drugs. The result of this therapy is the appearance of indifference and negative feeling towards the narcotic in most cases.
- Family and group psychotherapy, behavioral therapy – experts are helping the patient to re-establish communication with the neighbors, as well as the normal relationship within the family. The patient has planned activities for the next month, he learns how to react to provocative situations, teaches methods of protection against recurrence.