The terms medical marijuana and medical cannabis refer to the use of the plant Cannabis Sativa and its major cannabinoids. It includes the CBD (cannabidiol) and THC (tetrahydrocannabinol) which are used for the treatment of various diseases and symptoms.
The first documented use of the cannabis plant originates around 8 000 years BC, in the ancient village in today’s Taiwan.
The first recorded use of medical cannabis was in China in 2737 BC, under the reign of Emperor Shun Neng.
While on the other hand, there is Rick Simpson, who was cured of skin cancer and permanent concussion with the help of oil from cannabis, which he had made. There is also a huge number of people who claim to be self-cured using cannabis oil according to the recipe of Rick Simpson or consuming it in some other way, such as in food.
Medical cannabis may be used for the reduction of nausea and vomiting for patients undergoing chemotherapy, patients with AIDS, and for the treatment of pain and spasticity of muscle. In the treatment of medical diseases such as cancer and leukemia, asthma, epilepsy, Alzheimer’s disease, autism, schizophrenia, multiple sclerosis, Parkinson’s disease, stress and anxiety, chronic nausea, and vomiting, but apparently there is not enough data to conclude on the safety and efficacy of medical cannabis.
Medical cannabis can enter the body through various methods, including vaporization or smoking dried flowers, eating flowers, leaves or extracts, and taking capsules or oral sprays. Synthetic cannabinoids are allowed as a prescription drug in certain countries, and some of the first cannabis-based drugs that are marketed as nabilone, dronabinol, and epidiolex.
The use of marijuana for recreational purposes is prohibited in most of the countries, but the medical use of marijuana is allowed in certain states, including Austria, Canada, Czech Republic, Finland, Germany, Israel, Italy, the Netherlands, Portugal and Spain. In the United States, federal law prohibits any use of marijuana, while 20 states (and the Colombian county) said they would no longer prosecute individuals for possession or sale of marijuana, as long as the same person is in accordance with the law on the sale of marijuana in the state.
The medical use of marijuana
Medical cannabis has several potentially beneficial effects. Cannabinoids can be used as a stimulant for the appetite, anti-emetic (anti-nausea and vomiting), against excessive muscle stiffness, and have some analgesic effect. It also helps with the elimination of chronic pain or vomiting and nausea caused by chemotherapy. Cannabis-based drugs also help patients with AIDS.
Nausea and vomiting
Medical cannabis is effective in treating nausea and vomiting caused by chemotherapy, and may become a standard option for those that cannot adapt to the treatment of chemotherapy. Comparative studies have shown that cannabinoids are far more efficient than conventional antiemetic such as prochlorperazine, promethazine, and metoclopramide, but rarely used in modern medicine because of side effects, including dizziness, dysphoria, and hallucinations.
Currently, there is insufficient evidence on the effectiveness and safety of using cannabis for the treatment of patients with HIV/AIDS or anorexia associated with AIDS. A research is carried out which shows that there is potential, but in these studies, there are not enough samples and insufficient data on long-term performance.